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    Data Type: Ocean/Coasts ; This coastline was originally received from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. It contains only the Canadian boundaries close to Alaska. The CIA World Data Bank compiled data files about coastlines, countries, rivers, islands, and lakes of the world. The information has now been declassified to the public domain as the CIA World DataBank II and is available through INTERNET access via ftp hanauma.stanford.edu; cd pub/World_Map). Another source for the CIA World Databank data is EROS in Sioux Falls, SD. EROS sells the data as RWDB2 -- Regional World Databank 2 -- and distributes some documentation.

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    Beringia, that area of Alaska, Northwest Canada and the Russian Far East, has intermittently been a dryland connection between Asia and North America. Evidence of that connection remains today in the shared language, geneologies, cultural traditions and plant and animal communities that occur on both sides of the Bering Sea.[Reference: Taylor, D.L. 1993. The Proposed Beringian Heritage National Park, Women in Natural Resource Magazine. 14(3): 45-47.]This volume may be found at many university libraries.

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    Data Type: Coastline; This coastline coverage was extracted from an image processing system that uses the digital chart of the world coastline for georeferencing satellite images. The data have a scale of 1:1000000. The vectors pertaining to the greater Arctic Refuge and portions of Canada were extracted, rebuilt with line topology and projected into Albers Conic Equal Area projection.

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    Oregon, Washington, and Alaska (defined in this report as the Pacific Northwest) exports of edible fishery products in 1993 declined 4.7% in quantity from 1992 to 1.49 billion pounds (lb) or 676,272 metric tons (t). The value of these fishery exports declined by 16.2% to $2.15 billion. Although there were declines in exports of Groundfish, salmon, crab, and herring, the decrease in total exports was primarily due to the 25% decline in Groundfish exports and the 10.5% decline in salmon exports. In 1993, Groundfish exports of $833 million and salmon exports of $798 million accounted for 38.7 and 37%, respectively, of the total value of Pacific Northwest fishery exports. The value of Pacific Northwest exports comprised 72.7% of total U.S. edible fishery exports, down from 76.6% in 1992. In 1993, Pacific Northwest exports were shipped to 37 countries with the top 4 countries accounting for 94% of the total. Except for increased trade with Canada and the People's Republic of China, trade of fishery products declined with the major importing countries (Japan, Republic of Korea, the United Kingdom, France, and Australia). Exports to Japan totaled $1.7 billion or 79.7% of the total, down 16.7% in value from $2.06 billion in 1992. Canada jumped to the second spot with shipments increasing by nearly 50% to $142 million or 6.6% of total exports. The Republic of Korea slipped to the third spot with $98 million or 4.6% of the total exports, down 22.8% from $127 million in 1992. Pacific Northwest exports to the United Kingdom dropped 38.5% from 1992 to $77 million or 3.6% of the total exports.

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    Observations of sea ice drift obtained with satellite-tracked ice beacons in March-April of 1988 and 1989 have been used to examine the response of sea ice drift to wind forcing over the northern Newfoundland continental shelf. The short-term (5-20 days) response of sea ice drift ranges from 2.6 to 5.4% of the local wind over much of the inner continental shelf, which is comparable to that in the Bering Sea and the Antarctic but larger than that in Arctic. Sea ice drifts to the right of the local wind, at angles ranging from 10 degree to 63 degree . The response to wind forcing is largest near the ice edge, both over the middle portions of the shelf and along the southern margins of the seasonal ice zone and during strong and steady wind of several days' duration. The large wind-driven response of ice drift observed in this study, in comparison with the Arctic, may result from (1) reduced levels of internal ice stress associated with the generally thin ice cover and lower areal concentration of sea ice, (2) large atmospheric drag coefficients associated with the small ice floes in areas of comparatively higher ice concentration, and (3) smooth ice bottom caused by melting. In nearshore areas the ice to wind coupling is reduced owing to larger internal ice stresses experienced locally due to ice pileup.

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    Populations and productivity of seabirds were monitored at two colonies in the Bering Sea, Cape Peirce and Bluff, and at Cape Thompson, in the Chukchi Sea. Murres and kittiwakes were monitored at all three colonies to facilitate intercolony comparisons. These species were selected because they are relatively easy to study, numerous, sensitive to potential impacts of development, and widely distributed. Monitoring methods were standardized among the three colonies to facilitate comparisons among colonies and year. Populations and productivity were monitored in a portion of each colony, on permanent plots that were delineated on photographs and viewed from the top of the cliff. Observations of productivity began at the time nests were established and continued until most young had fledged. Kittiwake nests and murre breeding sites used for estimation of productivity were mapped on photographs or sketches and the fate of each was recorded.

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    Catch data for the Pacific coast recreational fishery. Effort data are collected during aerial overflights following predetermined routes. The number of boats engaged in recreational fishing are recorded. Catch data are collected during angler interviews. The number of fish by species and the number of marked chinook and coho are observed and recorded. Information regarding fishing location and time is also recorded. The overflights and interviews are conducted during randomly selected stints selected from strata defined by time of day and type of day (weekend, weekday). The Recreational Catch Statistics web site provides access to selected data from the recreational catch database. URL: http://www-sci.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/sa/Recreational/default_e.htm

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    This narrative is centered about a particular trip of the "Santa Ana" to Siberia. Nevertheless, into the story are woven observations concerning the tense relations existing between Japan and Russia, the danger of Canada and the United States coming into conflict with Japan, and the history, diplomatic relations, and economics of the regions visited which are the results of this and other trips by the author.[Referece: Allen, E.W. 1936. North Pacific; Japan, Siberia, Alaska, Canada. New York, Professional & Technical Press. pp.282.]This volume may be found at many university libraries.

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    Long term monitoring program of physical oceanographic properties at La Perouse Bank, including some sites along the west coast of Vancouver Island (Nootka Sound, Barkley Sound, Brooks Peninsula).

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    Deep water renewal study of Nootka Sound