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    Consists of six-hourly and daily upwelling indices at 15 positions along the west coast of North America at each 3 degrees of latitude from 21°N to 60°N and are derived from synoptic (six-hourly) sea level pressure gridded fields by PFEL. The coastal upwelling index is an index of the strength of the wind forcing on the ocean which has been used in many studies of the effects of ocean variability on the reproductive and recruitment success of many fish and invertebrate species. Source data are US Navy Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography (FNMOC) synoptic surface pressure analyses. Primary products are derived from the FNMOC 360x181 global spherical one degree surface (mean sea level) atmospheric pressure fields nominally available at six-hourly intervals. Historical segments of products are derived from FNMOC 63x63 northern hemisphere polar stereographic or from the FNMOC 73x144 global spherical pressure fields with same nominal availability. Download the latest and archived coastal upwelling indices by using the Live Access Server to subset, plot time series, and more at http://las.pfeg.noaa.gov/las/main.pl or by downloading traditional files at http://www.pfeg.noaa.gov/products/PFEL/modeled/indices/upwelling/NA/data_download.html. [ Reference: PICES Scientific Report No. 18 2001, Proceedings of the PICES/CoML/IPRC Workshop on "Impact of Climate Variability on Observation and Prediction of Ecosystem and Biodiversity Changes in the North Pacific", http://www.pices.int/publications/scientific_reports/Report18/default.aspx. ]

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    Consists of monthly upwelling indices at 15 positions along the west coast of North America at each 3 degrees of latitude from 21°N to 60°N and are derived from synoptic (six-hourly) sea level pressure gridded fields by PFEL. The coastal upwelling index is an index of the strength of the wind forcing on the ocean which has been used in many studies of the effects of ocean variability on the reproductive and recruitment success of many fish and invertebrate species. Source data are US Navy Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography (FNMOC) synoptic surface pressure analyses. Primary products are derived from the FNMOC 360x181 global spherical one degree surface (mean sea level) atmospheric pressure fields nominally available at six-hourly intervals. Historical segments of products are derived from FNMOC 63x63 northern hemisphere polar stereographic or from the FNMOC 73x144 global spherical pressure fields with same nominal availability. Download the latest and archived coastal upwelling indices by using the Live Access Server to subset, plot time series, and more at http://las.pfeg.noaa.gov/las/main.pl or by downloading traditional files at ( http://www.pfeg.noaa.gov/products/PFEL/modeled/indices/upwelling/NA/data_download.html ) [ Reference: PICES Scientific Report No. 18 2001, Proceedings of the PICES/CoML/IPRC Workshop on "Impact of Climate Variability on Observation and Prediction of Ecosystem and Biodiversity Changes in the North Pacific", http://www.pices.int/publications/scientific_reports/Report18/default.aspx. ]

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    Monthly surface marine data gathered by the U.S. Navy Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC), and provided courtesy of NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service, become available about 10-20 days following the data month. The basic observational data are edited, using a "trimming" procedure to identify outliners with respect to climatological 3.5 sigma limits derived from 1950-79 COADS data. Two summary statistics, the mean and number of observations, are then calculated for each of 11 observed and derived variables, using COADS-compatible 2-degree latitude x 2-degree longitude boxes (cf., COADS).Note: Although these monthly means are calculated to the same precessions used for COADS, users should be aware that the original FNMOC format stores individual observations of air temperature and dew point temperature only to whole degrees. Thus users may wish to disregard the hundredths position of air temperature, and similarly for the humidity variables. In addition, users should be aware of two known data problems in the original FNOC format that impact the continuity of the data set over time (the source of these problems has not yet been fully verified): (i) Air temperatures were apparently truncated to whole degrees until October 1985, and rounded to the nearest whole degree thereafter. (ii) Wind speeds translated from meters per second were apparently truncated to whole knots until about May 1991, and rounded to the nearest whole knot thereafter.ASCII files of the most recent monthly updates may be found in the ASCII subdirectory; please refer to the README file in that directory for further information.

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    Atmospheric and surface sea water pCO2 on board the NOAA ship, Ron Brown. Measurements taken by AOML scientists from October 13 to November 14, 1998. Underway pCO2 data are available on-line via FTP. See http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/uwpco2/uwpco2_ftp.html to gain data access via a terminal session or go directly to ftp://ftp.pmel.noaa.gov/uwpCO2/ .

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    Publication Title: Monthly meteorological charts of the eastern Pacific Ocean (pub.1950).Contains monthly frequency distribution of cloud at different coverages; fog, mist, and haze; snowfall and precipitation; mean sea level pressure; mean sea and air temperature; gales Beaufort 7 and up; wind roses; mean resultant winds; amount and direction of swell; mean difference between air and sea temperature; lightning; tracks of tropical cyclones; maximum, normal, and probability of sea surface temperature; maximum, minimum and probability of air temperature; tables for converting percentage frequency of gales to gale days; and tables for converting barometric pressure for diurnal variation.Available from the NOAA Library System: URL http://www.lib.noaa.gov/.

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    Publication Title: Zeegebieden rond Australie : oceanografische en meteorologische gegevens (pub.1949). Text in Dutch and English."A continuation of publication K.N.M.I. no. 115, Oceanographic and meteorological observations in the China Seas and in the western part of the North Pacific Ocean (1935, 1936).Contains monthly mean total cloud, fog, mist, precipitation, correction and mean sea level pressure, sea and air surface temperatures, Beaufort 8 and up gales, ocean currents, resultant wind direction and force, tropical cyclone tracks, and depressions for the period from 1854-1938; duration of fog, mist, and precipitation; annual, daily, and bi-hourly range and standard deviation of correction pressure; frequency distribution of fog, mist, precipitation (including hours), gales, and depressions; intensity of tropical cyclones; and minimum ocean currents.Available from the NOAA Library System: URL http://www.lib.noaa.gov/.

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    Atmospheric and surface sea water pCO2 on board the NOAA ship, Oceanographer. Measurements taken by PMEL scientists from April 6 to May 5, 1988. Underway pCO2 data are available on-line via FTP. See http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/uwpco2/uwpco2_ftp.html to gain data access via a terminal session or go directly to ftp://ftp.pmel.noaa.gov/uwpCO2/ .

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    Atmospheric and surface sea water pCO2 on board the NOAA ship, Akademik Korolev. Measurements taken by PMEL scientists from May 3 to May 11, 1987. Underway pCO2 data are available on-line via FTP. See http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/uwpco2/uwpco2_ftp.html to gain data access via a terminal session or go directly to ftp://ftp.pmel.noaa.gov/uwpCO2/ .

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    Publication Title: The climate of Asia (pub.1964).In Japanese. Includes a guide booklet in English. Consists of two parts: Part I giving detailed accounts of the climate of the whole Asia excluding Japan and Part II presenting comprehensive tables of climatic data for the whole Asia, which were collected from 917 observing sites including 12 in Japan. Includes supplements of Climatic Tables of Japan, Temperature of sea water in the Asian area, bibliographical guide to climatological data, and indexes.In Part I are 6 chapters (Introduction, China and its neighborhood, Southeast Asia, Indo-Pakistan area, West Asia and the Asian area of USSR) detailed by "figures" 1-176 and 29 tables, which include ordinary distribution maps of several climatic factors and incorporate the results of the recent dynamic climatological researches.The major features of the climatic tables in Part II are extremes and frequencies of several weather phenomena such as temperature, rain, snow, hail, gale, etc., whereas the ordinary schemes published hitherto give only the mean values of temperature and precipitation. Another distinctive feature is an unprecedented large number of the stations, which well represent the whole areas of Asia. The period of time covered by these statistics ranges mainly from 1931 to 1960, which is the period now in use for international normals.Available from the NOAA Library System: URL http://www.lib.noaa.gov/.

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    Atmospheric and surface sea water pCO2 on board the NOAA ship, Ka'imimoana. Measurements taken by PMEL scientists from February 14 to March 12, 1998. Underway pCO2 data are available on-line via FTP. See http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/uwpco2/uwpco2_ftp.html to gain data access via a terminal session or go directly to ftp://ftp.pmel.noaa.gov/uwpCO2/ .